The report introduces an overview of the current Biennale/Triennial scene in the world, with statistical analysis of region distribution, country distribution, and specifically, the numbers of countries participation, artist participation, and attendance of the Top 20 Biennales over the years.

This report selects the currently most influential biennales for case studies: Venice Biennale, Kassel Documenta, Whitney Biennale, Echigo-Tsumari Art Triennale, Taipei Biennale, and Shanghai Biennale. These case studies analyze the number of attendance, number of visitors over the year, themes and director’s focuses, participating artists’ birthplaces, geography, gender, age, and also research the biennale’s sources of income, sponsorship from individual, company, foundation, or grant.

The last part of the report analyzes the Chinese Biennales’ current development with each’s history, sponsorship, artists, geography, theme, curators, and existing problems, based on information of Shanghai Biennale, Beijing International Art Biennale, Bi-City Biennale of Urbanism/ Architecture, CAFAM Biennale, Chengdu Biennale, Guangzhou Triennial/ Asia Biennial, Shenzhen Sculpture Biennale, Western China International Art Biennale, and Yinchuan Biennale.

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